Risk for Infection After Anterior Cervical Fusion: Prevention with Iodophor-Impregnated Incision Drapes

Dr. Kingsley R. Chin of the Less Institute medical research

Scientific Paper

Chin KR1London NGee AOBohlman HH.

Interested medical professionals can read the full paper, also published in the American Journal of Orthopedics, here.


Cervical spine infections can have disastrous consequences, but techniques for minimizing infections should be evidence based. In this article, we report the incidence of spine infections in a large cohort of consecutive patients who underwent anterior cervical fusions without iodophor-impregnated incision drapes (3M Ioban; 3M Health Care, St. Paul, Minn) covering the surgical site. We reviewed the records of 581 consecutive patients (294 men, 287 women) who underwent 616 anterior cervical fusions without such drapes over the incision site and who were followed for 1 to 21 years after surgery. Mean age at the time of surgery was 52 years (range, 17-83 years). There was 0% incidence of cervical spinal infections in the group. Need for iodophor-impregnated incision drapes during anterior cervical fusion was not demonstrated. These drapes added unnecessary cost and may decrease skin mobility, making adequate exposure more difficult.

About Author Dr. Kingsley R. Chin

Dr. Kingsley R. Chin, founder of philosophy and practice of The LES Society and The LESS Institute
Dr. Kingsley R. Chin, Founder of philosophy and practice of The LES Society and The LESS Institute

Dr. Kingsley R. Chin is a board certified Harvard-trained orthopedic spine surgeon and professor with copious business and information technology exposure. He sees a niche opportunity where medicine, business and info. tech meet – and is uniquely educated at the intersection of these three professions. He has experience as Professor of Clinical Biomedical Sciences & Admissions Committee Member at the Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine at Florida Atlantic University, Professor of Clinical Orthopedic Surgery at the Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine at Florida International University, Assistant Professor of Orthopaedics at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, Visiting Spine Surgeon & Professor at the University of the West Indies, Mona, and Adjunct Professor of Clinical Biomedical Studies at the University of Technology, Jamaica.

Learn more about Dr. Chin here and connect via LinkedIn.

About Less Exposure Surgery

Less Exposure Surgery (LES) is based on a new philosophy of performing surgery, leading the charge to prove through bench and clinical outcomes research that LES treatment options are the best solutions – to lowering the cost of healthcare, improving outcomes and increasing patient satisfaction. Learn more at LESSociety.org.

The LES Society philosophy: “Tailor treatment to the individual aiding in the quickest recovery and return to a pain-free lifestyle, using LES® techniques that lessen exposure, preserve unoffending anatomy and utilize new technologies which are safe, easy to adopt and reproducible. These LES®techniques lessen blood loss, surgical time and exposure to radiation and can be safely performed in an outpatient center. Less is more.” – Kingsley R. Chin, MD

About The LESS Institute

The LESS Institute is the world leader center of excellence in Less Exposure Surgery. Our safe, effective outpatient treatments help patients recover quickly, avoid expensive hospital stays and return home to their family the same day. Watch our patient stories, follow us on Facebook and visit TheLESSInstitute.com to learn more.

About SpineFrontier

The above study utilized LES Technology from SpineFrontier – leading provider of LES Technologies and instruments – offering surgeons and patients superior technology and services.

Scientific Paper Author & Citation Details


Chin KR1London NGee AOBohlman HH.

Author information

    1. Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania and University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. kingsleychin@hotmail.com

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *