Stabilizing Effects of a Particulate Demineralized Bone Matrix in the L4 Interbody Space with and Without PEEK Cage – A Literature Review and Preliminary Results of a Cadaveric Biomechanical Study

Orthopedic Spine Surgeon Dr. Kingsley R. Chin Medical Paper

Scientific Paper

Bruce C1Chin KR2Cumming V3Crawford NR4.

Interested medical professionals can read through the full paper, also published the West Indian Medical Journal, here.

Abstract

We reviewed the biological elements supporting the usefulness of a specifically designed particulate form of demineralized bone matrix (DBM) with spinal fusion, and report some limitations of its use described in the medical literature and in the interbody space using a cadaveric biomechanical model. A literature review and description of the techniques used to augment spinal fusion are presented, including a more thorough review of recent findings of cadaveric biomechanical flexibility studies using DBM alone at different percentage fills of the existing disc space and DBM with a polyetheretherketone (PEEK) interbody cage. The need for DBM was established by reviewing limitations of autografts and allografts in spinal fusion. Demineralized bone matrix used alone did not increase stability post discectomy at L4-L5, but was demonstrated to exhibit satisfactory stability when used with a PEEK interbody cage. There may be a future role for DBM that hardens and fills disc space more rigidly, overcoming this limitation to its use.

About Author Dr. Kingsley R. Chin

Dr. Kingsley R. Chin, founder of philosophy and practice of The LES Society and The LESS Institute
Dr. Kingsley R. Chin, founder of philosophy and practice of The LES Society and The LESS Institute

Dr. Kingsley R. Chin is a board-certified Harvard-trained orthopedic spine surgeon and professor with copious business and information technology experience. He sees a niche opportunity where medicine, business and information technology meet and is uniquely experienced at the intersection of these three professions. He currently serves as Professor of Clinical and Biomedical Sciences at the Charles E. Schmidt School of Medicine at Florida Atlantic University and Professor of Clinical Orthopaedic Surgery at the Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine at Florida International University and has experience as Assistant Professor of Orthopaedics at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School and Visiting Professor at the University of the West Indies.

Learn more about Dr. Chin here and connect via LinkedIn.

About Less Exposure Surgery

Less Exposure Surgery (LES) is based on a new philosophy of performing surgery, leading the charge to prove through bench and clinical outcomes research that LES treatment options are the best solutions – to lowering the cost of healthcare, improving outcomes and increasing patient satisfaction. Learn more at LESSociety.org.

The LES Society philosophy: “Tailor treatment to the individual aiding in the quickest recovery and return to a pain-free lifestyle, using LES® techniques that lessen exposure, preserve unoffending anatomy and utilize new technologies which are safe, easy to adopt and reproducible. These LES®techniques lessen blood loss, surgical time and exposure to radiation and can be safely performed in an outpatient center. Less is more.” – Kingsley R. Chin, MD

About The LESS Institute

The LESS Institute is the world leader center of excellence in Less Exposure Surgery. Our safe, effective outpatient treatments help patients recover quickly, avoid expensive hospital stays and return home to their family the same day. Watch our patient stories, follow us on Facebook and visit TheLESSInstitute.com to learn more.

About SpineFrontier

The above study utilized LES Technology from SpineFrontier – leading provider of LES Technologies and instruments – offering surgeons and patients superior technology and services.

Scientific Paper Author & Citation Details

Authors

Bruce C1Chin KR2Cumming V3Crawford NR4.

Author information

  1. Department of Surgery, Radiology, Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, The University of the West Indies, Kingston 7, Jamaica.
  2. Charles E Schmidt College of Medicine at Florida Atlantic University and the Less Exposure Surgeons Surgery Institute (LESS Institute), Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA. kingsleychin@gmail.com.
  3. Less Exposure Surgery Society, Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA.4Barrow Neurological Institute, St Joseph’s Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, AZ, USA.

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