From Open Surgery to MIS
Open surgery and MIS are built on the same foundation. With MIS, the surgeon tries to achieve open surgery results by using smaller incisions and performing the surgery percutaneously through tubes, retractors, and endoscopes. Unfortunately, with MIS, the surgeon loses substantial amounts of his or her visualization of the full anatomy, and has to compensate for this by using excessive X-Ray’s (also called fluoro images). Although the incisions on the skin surface are small, in the end, the actual trauma to the tissues underneath the skin is just as disruptive as open surgery.
MIS still causes a substantial amount of collateral damage and removal of normal tissues. When a surgeon does open surgery, this tissue damage is more obvious and visible. When a surgeon does MIS, the tissue damage under the skin isn’t as obvious. Also, the effects of the additional radiation that MIS requires are also not immediately apparent, but might show up later in life.